Why We Need More Science and Less Speculation on Fear, Sadness, and Happiness

The sad person is lethargic, pessimistic, submissive, socially withdrawn, excessively realistic about personal abilities, and has little initiative for new relationships or projects. The situations in which these characteristics would seem to increase fitness are not characterized by recent success or failure, but by indicators of future rewards per unit investment…It certainly would be useful for an organism to regulate its energy and social investments to make them when they will payoff especially well, instead of at times when they will be wasted.

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Professor, psychologist, well-being researcher. For my latest writings read my Provoked column at: toddkashdan.com and my new book THE ART OF INSUBORDINATION

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Todd Kashdan

Todd Kashdan

Professor, psychologist, well-being researcher. For my latest writings read my Provoked column at: toddkashdan.com and my new book THE ART OF INSUBORDINATION